Ibn Khaldun - his life and work - by Mohammad Enan - PDF ebook

Ibn Khaldun - his life and work 

Ibn Khaldun

The intellectual legacy of Ibn Khaldun is unique among the works of Muslim thought and, notwithstanding the lapse of centuries, still maintains its value, vigour and modernity, and occupies a high place among the monuments of the world thought. But Ibn Khaldun, whom the West discovered and, for more than a century, studied, criticised and analysed, is not fully appreciated in the East; his memory is forgotten and his legacy is cast into oblivion. 

While in the West various books and critical studies have been written about the man and his work, there has almost been nothing of the sort in the East, his home and the owner of his patrimony. is gratifying to note, however, that Ibn Khaldun has lately been spoken of and an appeal made to revive his memory on the occasion of the six hundredth anniversary of his birth. Intellectual and literary circles in all the Arabic-speaking countries responded to this generous appeal, several meetings were held to evoke his memory and his immortal works, particularly in Tunis, his birthplace, and the cradle of his fame, and in Egypt, the home of his old age and his last resting place. 

The Arabic press was for some time busy with publishing studies about him, thus vividly evoking his memory and directing attention to his legacy. 

As Ibn Khaldun was foremost among the Muslim thinkers, I knew and studied him in my younger days. He deeply im- pressed me as being the foremost among the historians whose comprehension of history, its value and criticism, I greatly admired. 

This study, which I present to introduce Ibn Khal- dun and his legacy, is a token of the gratitude of a disciple to his master. The six hundredth anniversary of the birth of the great historian and philosopher was an available occasion for writing this study.

1 have carefully followed the life of Ibn Khaldun closely and have explained the Political events in which he took part and with which he was connected. As his life formed part of the history of the Berber states in the middle of the eighth-century 
I have dealt at greater length with the history of these states and the changes which took place in them at that time, and have tried to explain their political institutions. Likewise, I have taken great interest in the life of Ibn Khaldun in Egypt, and dealt at great length with it, explaining the relations of the historian with the intellectual Egyptian society, and the controversy between him and the Egyptian writers. As for the legacy of Ibn Khaldun, I

 propose to give a simple exposition and to avoid polemics and complicated comparisons, being careful at the same time to review points of interest and useful discussion. My object is to present in a clear concise manner the legacy of Ibn Khaldun to cultured youth so that when they understand and appreciate it they can take up Ibn Khaldun’s work, read and study it carefully and fully. 

As for the study of Western research of Ibn Khaldun, and its appreciation, analysis and comparison of his thoughts and theories, I have reserved a special chapter giving a complete purport o{ all that has been written on the subject. I have likewise given a bibliographical note of Kitab al-Ihar showing the phases through which it passed till it was completely published, the manuscripts consulted, the parts translated into European languages, and the manuscript copies of it in the various libraries.

the book details :
  • Author: Mohammad Abdullah Enan
  • Publication date: 1941:
  • Ibn Khaldun was noted for developing one of the earliest nonreligious philosophies of history. He is generally considered the greatest Arab historian as well as the father of sociology and the science of history. Occupations: Philosopher.

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