Ground arms! (1899) Novel by Bertha von Suttner translated by Alice Asbury Abbott.
She is a handsome, brilliant woman of the world, who has become thoroughly imbued with the importance of the higher education of women. In " Ground Arms! ", where she stepped at once upon a higher plane than she had occupied in any previous work, she emphasizes the necessity of this better training for women if the highest degree of civilization is to be attained by the world at large. She reasons, like Mr Herbert Spencer, though she does not clothe the thought in his words, that if a woman is to perform all the duties of her station, the era of universal peace, secured by international arbitration, must first be secured. To hasten the advent of the rule of justice obtained without force she seems now to have largely devoted her life. Recently, as Vice-President of the International Peace Congress at Rome, she stood on the rostrum to address a most brilliant and distinguished assembly — the first woman since Corinna, whose voice has been heard within the walls of the famous capital.
The success of " Ground Arms! " in Germany has been amazing. In the Austrian Parliament grave ministers of finance have commended its reading; all ranks of life . have been profoundly impressed by it, and able critics have compared its influence in Germany to that of " Uncle Tom's Cabin " in the United States. This effect is largely due to the terrible tension of the public mind in Europe, caused by the daily and hourly anticipation of war. Baroness von Suttner is keenly alive to the spirit of the times, and she has written this book with a hot heart and a burning pen. Naturally, she has not escaped the attacks of the believers in the justice and prudence of the present condition of things and is accused of belonging to the sentimental company of apostles and owners of patent rights to reform and regenerate the world.
The book is a crusade against war, and its whole object is to present the claims of the individual and the family as superior to those of the state; as an individualist, she presses the claim of every human being to the ownership and control of his own life. Then, regarding the family as the social unit, she emphasizes the claim of wife and child as far superior to that of church or state. Though " Ground Arms! " is apparently a very simple story, its philosophy is profound; but so quietly and un- pretendingly is it unfolded, that we are continually sur- prised by the strength of the author's logic. We are sometimes oppressed by her method, which is often painfully realistic, and in other respects is similar to that of many of the noblest spirits of our time — the method prompted by the Weltschmerz, the groan of the world, which too often cripples our efforts because of its good-by to hope, but in her case inspires to work of a very noble character.
Bertha Sophie Felicitas Freifrau von Suttner was an Austrian-Bohemian pacifist and novelist. In 1905, she became the second female Nobel laureate, the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, and the first Austrian laureate