Primitive culture- (1920) PDF book by Edward Burnett Tylor

Primitive culture: researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, language, art, and custom 

Primitive culture
Primitive culture

This is one of the most important books in the history of its field, the author is Sir Edward Burnett Tylor who was an English anthropologist, the founder of cultural anthropology, In this book, he invented the word animism which he defined as "the general doctrine of souls and other spiritual beings in general".

From the Introduction

The present volumes, uniform with the previous volume of ' Researches into the Early History of Mankind ' (ist Ed. 1865; 2nd Ed. 1870), carry on the investigation of Culture into other branches of thought and belief, art and custom. During the past six years, I have brought tentatively before the public some of the principal points of new evidence and argument here advanced. The doctrine of survival in culture, the bearing of directly expressive language and the invention of numerals on the problem of early civilization, the place of myth in the primitive history of the human mind, the development of the animistic philosophy of religion, and the origin of rites and ceremonies, have been discussed in various papers and lectures, 1 before being treated at large and with a fuller array of facts in this work.

discussing problems so complex as those of the development of civilization more is needed to put forward theories accompanied by a few illustrative examples. The statement of the facts must form the staple of the argument, and the limit of needful detail is only reached when each group so displays its general law, that fresh cases come to range themselves in their proper niches as new instances of an already established rule. Should it seem to any readers that my attempt to reach this limit sometimes leads to the heaping up of too cumbrous detail, I would point out that the theoretical novelty as well as the practical importance of many of the issues raised, make it most unadvisable to stint them of their full evidence. In the course of ten years chiefly spent in these researches, it has been my constant task to select the most instructive ethnological facts from the vast mass on record, and by lopping away unnecessary matter to reduce the data on each problem to what is indispensable for reasonable proof.

Author: Edward Burnett Tylor
 Publication Date: 1920

Primitive Culture Volume one

Primitive Culture Volume two

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