The Jews Among The Greeks And Romans
It is a counsel of perfection that any historical study should be approached with complete detachment. To such detachment I can make all the less claim as I freely admit an abiding reverence for the history of my own people, and, for the life of ancient Greece and Rome, a passionate affection that is frankly unreasoning.
At no place in the course of the following pages have I been consciously apologetic. It is true that where several explanations of an incident are possible, I have not always selected the one most discreditable to the Jews. Doubtless, that will not be forgiven by those who have accepted the anti-Semitic pamphlets of Willrich as serious contributions to historical research.
The literature on the subject is enormous. Very few references to what is known as " secondary " sources will, however, be found in this book. A short bibliography is appended, in which various books of reference are cited.
From these, all who are interested in the innumerable controversies that the subject has elicited may obtain full information. There remains the grateful task of acknowledging my personal indebtedness to my friend, Dr. Ernst Riess, for many valuable suggestions.
Above all, I desire to express my indebtedness to President Solo- mon Schechter, of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, at whose instance the preparation of this book was undertaken. Those who share with me the privilege of his friendship will note in more than one turn of expression and thought the impress of that rich personality.
introduction l 3
Greek Religious Concepts 21
Roman Religious Concepts 4°
Greek and Roman Concepts of Race 48
Sketch of Jewish History between Nebuchadnez-
zar and Constantine 56
zar and Constantine 56
Internal Development of the Jews during the
Persian Period 66
The First Contact between Greek and Jew 76
Jews in Ptolemaic Egypt 104
The Struggle against Greek Culture in Palestine ilS*
Antiochus the Manifest God 135
The Jewish Propaganda 148
The Opposition 163
The Opposition in Its Social Aspect 176
The Philosophic Opposition 191
The Romans 2I0
Jews in Rome during the Early Empire 236
The Jews of the Empire till the Revolt 257
The Revolt of 68 c. e 28J.
The Development of the Roman Jewish Community 3°4
The Final Revolts of the Jews 328
The Legal Position of the Jews in the Later
Bibliography 4 T 5
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