Umayyads and Abbasids (1907) PDF book by Jurji Zaydan Translated to English

Umayyads and Abbasids (1907) by Jurji Zaydan Translated to English David Samuel Margoliouth


Umayyads and Abbasids (1907)

The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. The caliphate was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty. The third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, was a member of the Umayyad clan.

The Abbasid Caliphate was the third caliphate to succeed the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. It was founded by a dynasty descended from Muhammad's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, from whom the dynasty takes its name.

The prosperous condition of Egypt, due to the British .occupation and Lord Cromer’s statesmanlike administration, has led to a renaissance of Arabic literature and learning in that country, surpassing all that might have been imagined.

Societies formed for the encouragement of Arabic literature are constantly bringing to light important texts bearing on Mohammedan history, antiquities, and religion, and a whole series of magazines and reviews, such as the Muktataf, the Hilal, the Muktabis, the Manar, the Muhit, the Diya, and others, while providing lighter entertainment for the educated in Egypt, also devote some of their pages to the study of works which interest European Onentalal'Art.

The results and the methods of the latter are steadily making way among native scholars, to many of whom treatises in English, French, and Italian are accessible, while a smaller number have taken the trouble to familiarize themselves with German and Latin. Should the projected Cairene University be ultimately established, the admission of Egypt into the international republic of learning will be an accomplished fact.

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