Roger Bacon essays - PDF book by A. G. Little

Roger Bacon essays

Roger Bacon essays
Roger Bacon

From the introduction:

Writing in 1267 Roger Bacon says: ' I have laboured much at sciences and languages, and it is now forty years since I first learnt the alphabet: I have always been studious, and except for two of those forty years I have always been in the studio.' 

The last phrase probably means ' at a university '. Boys generally went to Oxford at the age of twelve or thirteen. It may, then, be inferred that Roger Bacon was born about 1214. The tradition that he was born near Ilchester is preserved by John Rous,^ the Warwick antiquary, who was a student at Oxford about 1440, was interested in the history and legends of his university and had some knowledge of Roger ' OpTert. (Brewer), p. 65; cf. Gasquet's Fragment in Engl. Hist. Rev. xii. 507 ' Exceptis duobus annis quibus recreationem et solatium quietis sumpsi, ut melius postea laborarem '. - 

Hist. Regum Angliae (ed. Heme, 1716), pp. 29, 82. According to Atkyns, Ancient and Present State of Gloucestershire, p. 147, Friar Bacon was bom at Todgmore bottom, in the parish of Bisley. ' He was educated at St. Mary's Chapel, now St. Bury Mill on Stroud river in the parish of Hampton wherein is a room at this day called Frier Bacon's study.' 

It may be noted that the nuns of Holy Trinity at Caen held Hampton or Minchin -Hampton. Gilbert Baco appears as a witness in one of their charters, while William Bacon and Roger his son were concerned in a benefaction to the Abbey of St. Stephen, Caen, in the twelfth century. Round, Cal. of Doc. France, nos. 447, 453; cf. no. 551. John Dee's statement that Bacon ' was named, as some think, David Dee of Radik ' appears, as Bridges justly says, 'to rest on no authority but that of John Dee's very erratic imagination ': Opus Majus, i. xxxiv. 168 Bacon's works.

 In one place he calls him ' friar Roger Bacon of the English nation and the county of Dorset '; in another, ' that famous clerk friar Robert (sic) Bacon of the minorite order, by birth an Englishman, of the noble family of the inhabitants of the county of Dorset near Ilchester.' Ilchester is in the county of Somerset, but only some five miles from the boundary of Dorset. And in support of the tradition, it may be noted that in 1166 one Roger Bacon held two parts of a knight's fee in Dorsetshire, given to him by his father-in-law, William son of John of Harptree,' 

The name Roger is also found in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries among the Bacons of the Bessin in Normandy,^ the Bacons of Norfolk,^ and the Bacons of Essex,"* and there is little doubt that these were branches of the same family. Roger Bacon tells us little about his family. His mother was still alive in 1267: his elder brother (' my rich brother ') had succeeded to the estates, but has supported the king's cause during the Barons' War had been driven out with his relatives and reduced to poverty.^ Another brother Bacon describes as a ' scholar '.

 It is generally supposed that Roger was related to Robert Bacon, the famous Dominican doctor, who died in 1245. Matthew Paris tells how Friar Robert Bacon of the Order of Preachers, in a speech before the king at Oxford, June 24, 1233, denounced the royal favourites, the Bishop of Winchester (Pierre des Roches) and Pierre de Rievaulx: whereupon seeing the king inching to reason, a witty clerk of the court [clericus de curia), namely Roger Bacon, said: ' My Lord King, what is most injurious and dangerous to sailors crossing a strait? ' The king replied: ' They know that do business in great waters/ The clerk said: ' I will tell you, my lord: Petrae ct Rupes.' " Was this clerk the famous Roger? In his writings, he does not appear as iocundus in sermone, and though he had some knowledge of the inner working of a chancery,^ there is no evidence that he was ever a clerk in the royal court.

On Roger Bacon's life and works, by A. G. Little.--Der einfluss des Robert Grosseteste auf die wissenschaftliche richtung des Roger Bacon, von Ludwig Baur.--La place de Roger Bacon parmi les philosophes du XIIIe siècle, par François Picavet.--Roger Bacon and the Latin vulgate, by Francis Aidan, cardinal Gasquet.--Roger Bacon and philology, by S. A. Hirsch.--The place of Roger Bacon in the history of mathematics, by David Eugene Smith.--Roger Bacon und seine verdienste um die optik, von Eilhard Wiedemann.--Roger Bacons lehre von der sinnlichen spezies und vom sehvorgange, von Sebastian Vogl.--Roger Bacons art des wissenschaftlichen arbeitens dargestellt nach seiner schrift De speculis, von J. Würschmidt.--Roger Bacon et l'horreur du vide, par Pierre Duhem.--Roger Bacon, his relations to alchemy and chemistry, by M. M. Pattison Muir.--Roger Bacon and gunpowder, by H. W. L. Hime.--Roger Bacon and medicine, by E. Withington

the book details :
  • Author A. G.  Little
  • Publication date:1914
  • Company: Oxford: Clarendon press

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