Actual business English - PDF book by Prentice Hoover Deffendall (1922)

Actual business English 

Actual business English



Froom the Editor Introduction:


For more than a generation, authors of textbooks on English have called their books by the title Business English. So far as I know, no one previous to Mr Deffendall has dared actually to do what is implied in the title. In Actual Business English, every illustrative sentence is taken from business; every usage recommended is a business usage; every modern detail taught is a detail necessary to business letter writing, and every antiquated de- tail ignored is a detail that the business office of today also ignores. The usual text labelled Business English begins with illustrations taken from the classics and ends with them. This book is different. 

Mr Deffendall's sentences and paragraphs come hot from Wanamaker, Packard, Good- year, and others who pay men to do what Mr Deffendall is trying to train the student to do. No such sentences as "The lowing herds wind slowly o'er the lea," appear in his work. This is not because such sentences are not beautiful and correct, but because *' The growing company moved into a new building," suits Mr Deffendall's purpose better, and has a stronger appeal to enthusiastic commercial students.


That the author has actually done what his title promises, is the first thing that stands out from the pages of this book. 
The second really notable thing Mr DefiFendall has done is scientifically to select and arrange the common errors of speech with the corrected forms. These errors are no mere hodge-podge of incorrect phrases presented for haphazard study.

With a careful, painstaking scholarship, the author has compiled lists of the common vulgarisms, colloquialisms, and grammatical blunders of American speech. He has used Dr Charters' Study of Pupils' Errors^ and other similar studies, besides a list of his own, gathered from years of experience as an instructor in English. 

There is much that is true in the old saying that to correct a man's grammatical errors you must begin with his grandparents. If young people constantly hear the ungrammatical language at home, the teacher can do little for them. But as much as a teacher can do, the author has done in this book. He has given the most carefully selected list of such errors that has ever been compiled; he has shown the correct forms; he has when necessary, explained the reasons for these correct forms; and in all cases, he has demanded practice of the pupil and has put him to a test in an exercise at the end of the same lesson. 

Moreover, he has presented each error at the exact time when in the student's progress it can best be corrected — that is, when the preceding lesson or lessons have shown the correct usage in the specific case that is being studied. Few texts present for correction so well chosen a list of habitual errors. No other text presents them in so scientific and systematic a manner. It is likely that Mr Def-endall's success in this connection is due to his realization that the number of such errors is small, as has been clearly shown by a scientific analysis of them through a period of years. 

The teaching of correct English, which is the main object of the book, is preceded by a review and restatement of the essentials of grammar, in which that dread study is stripped of the complicated rules that modern instruction has shown to be unnecessary. 

What is given of grammar is the part that is vital to correct English as required by the modern business office. What is omitted is the vast, complicated machinery of hair-splitting rules and their still more intricate exceptions. For the practical purposes of everyday speech, these are shown by the author to be unnecessary, for he has accomplished his purpose without them. 



The art of putting correct words together in sensible sentences begins with the study of the word and then proceeds through the study of the sentence, the paragraph, and the whole composition. By a gradual process, Mr Deffendall skillfully brings the student up to the study of letter writing, leaving him prepared for definite and positive progress toward the mastery of that well-paid accomplishment. His treatment of punctuation, one mark at a time, is as simple and thorough as his handling of the problem of the correct word.

Contents:

I A Necessary First Step i
II The Formation of Plurals 7
III The Formation of the Possessive .... 11
IV Nouns Commonly Confused 14
V How TO Use the Personal Pronouns Correctly 19
VI How TO Use the Pronouns Correctly (Continued) 24
VII How TO Use the Pronouns Correctly (Continued) 26
VIII Relative Pronouns 30
IX Troublesome Verbs 34
X Troublesome Verbs (Continued) ..... 40
XI Special Use of Were 43
. XII Shall and Will 45
XIII Agreement 49
XIV Agreement (Continued) 53
XV Verbs Commonly Confused 56
XVI Adjectives and Adverbs 62
XVII Adjectives and Adverbs (Continued) ... 67
XVIII Confusion of Adjectives and Adverbs ... 70
XIX Comparison 75
XX Similar Adjectives and Adverbs Distinguished 79
XXI How TO Use Prepositions Correctly ... 87
XXII How TO Use Conjunctions Correctly ... 93
XXIII Sentence Structure: The Simple Sentence. 97
XXIV Sentence Structure: The Complex Sentence 101
XXV Sentence Structure: The Compound Sentence 104
XXVI Punctuation 107
XXVII Punctuation (Continued). 111
XXVIII Punctuation (Continued) 116
XXIX Punctuation (Continued) 119
XXX Special Cases of Punctuation 125
XXXI Capitalization 132
XXXII Abbreviations 137
XXXIII Unity of the Sentence 141
XXXIV Clearness in the Sentence 147
XXXV Emphasis in the Sentence 152
XXXVI The Paragraph 162
XXXVII Unity of Paragraph 169
XXXVIII Clearness in Paragraph 173
XXXIX Emphasis in Paragraph 180
XL The Whole Composition. 186


the book details :
  • Author: Prentice Hoover Deffendall
  • editor: Harlan Eugene Read
  • Publication date:1922
  • Company: New York: Macmillan Co.

  • Download Actual business English  -7.3 MB
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