Essentials of social psychology
|Emory Stephen Bogardus|
This book is written specifically for the purpose of developing the problem-solving method of education in the field of social psychology. To this end, the main attention has been given to the formulation of the "problems" which appear in connection with the themes of each chapter. Each of the problems has been tried out in the classroom and found to produce constructive thought on the part of students.
These exercises are intended to set the student at work and to stimulate him to do his own thinking. The instructor should encourage the pupils to begin the study of each chapter with the problems. If the student has an inadequate background for giving his attention first to the exercises, he may read the context, not as an end in itself, but as a method of preparation for attacking the exercises. The context of each chapter should not be "remembered," but utilized as a means of finding answers, seeing new relationships, and making new discoveries.
If the student comes into the class remembering, this book is intended to send him out thinking. The second aim of the author has been to write a treatise that would meet the needs of an undergraduate student in colleges, junior colleges, and normal schools. The subject of social psychology is of lo Social Psychology such vital, far-reaching, and practical importance that every college student should be introduced to a scientific consideration of the field.
Every such student is compelled to study the psychology of the individual, but few are required or even encouraged to study the psychology of the interactions of individuals in their multifarious group relationships. Surely the latter phenomena are as vitally important as the former. A third need which this book aims to meet is to give a new organization of the subject matter of social psychology. The writer believes that social psychology begins with the psychological bases of human interactions and ends with the group methods of develop- ing socialized personalities; he aims to traverse the field between these two points. The writer is indebted to so many authors that it is impossible to make adequate acknowledgements.
The interest of the writer in the subject was awakened by Professor G. H. Mead; the books and syllabi which have been the most helpful are those of Professors McDougall, Tarde, Ross, Howard, Baldwin, and Ellwood. For the stimulus to develop the problem-solving method of teaching and for encouragement in the preparation of the manuscript, I am indebted to Dr E. C. Moore. For many of the problems that are given at the close of each chapter, I am under obligation to various persons, but chiefly Professor Ross and my advanced students. Sometimes a re-phrasing of a quotation or quoted exercise has been necessary, in which case it has not been feasible to use quotation marks and thus to indicate my indebtedness.
The encouragement and suggestions of Professor George Elliott Howard, who has read the manuscript, are gratefully acknowledged. E. S. B. University of Southern California this edition, the problems have been re-stated and increased in number. They carry the gist of the argument. The subject matter has been re-written and elaborated. The original eight chapters have grown into fifteen chapters. Several special topics have been given extended analysis. Emory S. Bogardus.
Emory S. Bogardus was a prominent figure in the history of American sociology. Bogardus founded one of the first sociology departments at an American university, at the University of Southern California in 1915.
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