The philosophy of history (1901) by Friedrich Hegel PDF book translated by John Sibree

The philosophy of history


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (born August 27, 1770, Stuttgart, W├╝rttemberg [Germany]—died November 14, 1831, Berlin), the German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of history and of ideas from thesis to antithesis and thence to a synthesis.

Excerpt from the translator introduction:

The aim and scope of that civilizing process which all hopeful thinkers recognize in History is the attainment of Emotional Freedom. But the very term Freedom supposes previous bondage; and the question naturally arises: "Bondage to what?" — A superficial inquirer may be satisfied with an answer referring it to the physical power of the ruling body. Such a response was deemed satisfactory by a large number of political speculators in the last century, and even at the beginning of the present; and it is one of the great merits of an influential thinker of our days to have expelled this idolum fori, which had also become an idolum theatre, from its undue position; and to have revived the simple truth that all stable organizations of men, all religious and political communities, are based upon principles which are far beyond the control of the One or the Many.


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