Psychological research (1947) Free PDF book by Benton J. Underwood

Psychological research (1947) Free PDF book by Benton J. Underwood

Psychology Of Perception


In writing the book (through teaching the course) I felt an obligation to reflect current research practices as I saw them, with emphasis largely on experimental research. As will be noted, I include under research practices far more than the design of an experiment and collection of data. Indeed, I have included topics that are distinctly controversial, and I have introduced issues that I think have been given far less attention than they deserve. The result is that in a car-tab sense the book becomes a philosophy of science.

My philosophy of science, being as any philosophy is, a personalized affair, may not have allowed me to sec down a true picture of the contemporary research scene. But, even if I were so unbiased that I could accurately reflect this scene, there are so many matters which arc controversial and on which 1 found it necessary to take a stand, that I fully expect to be disagreed with at several points. If I did not believe that the training of research workers would benefit from further discussion of these controversial matters, I would never have submitted these materials to the inspection of others.

My debts are many. For over lo years I have been privileged to be at a university that encourages and facilitates teaching and research in line with the finest traditions of our great educational institutions. I have also had the good fortune to be a member of a small department dedicated vigorously to research and teaching.

Only a few of the present chapters have been read critically by my colleagues but I suspect every topic in the book has been discussed with me at one time or another by at least one associate. I mention this because while I recognize a real debt to my colleagues as a result of these discussions, it may be greater than I realize. The remarks which I boldly set forth as my own may have actually been terminated by one of my colleagues but the passage of time has obscured the source. Yet, it may be a blessing, for I know that my position on some matters is not popular and to attempt to give credit where the source is questionable might result in injustice.


Professors R. M. Elliott and Kenneth MacCorquodale have critically read the entire manuscript. They, too, have disagreed with my position on some issues but have left the final decisions to me. I owe both much for smoothing and tempering my prose. Students who have listened to my lectures or read some of the materials have pointed out ambiguities and inconsistencies which I have tried to correct. Many of the illustrations in Chapters 3, 4, and 5 are taken from student reports. Mrs. Irene Nolte has typed the manuscript and has eliminated inconsistencies in the format.


1. INTRODUCTION

z. ANALYSIS OF THE RESEARCH SITUATION
3. OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS

4. RESEARCH DESIGN:

5. RESEARCH DESIGN

6. AN OVERVIEW OF EXPLANATION IN PSYCHOLOGY

7. SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCEPTS

8. THE NATURE OF SOME EXPLANATORY ATTEMPTS

9. POTPOURRI

Author Benton J. Underwood
Publication Date:1947

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