The Psychology Of Interrogations PDF book And Confessions A Handbook ( 2003 )

The Psychology Of Interrogations PDF book And Confessions A Handbook ( 2003 ) by Gísli Guðjónsson.

The Psychology Of Interrogations PDF book

The Psychology Of Interrogations PDF book  And Confessions A HandbookGisli Gudjonsson is a Professor of Forensic Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College, London, and Head of the Forensic Psychology Services at the Maudsley Hospital. He is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society and an Honorary Fellow of the Icelandic Psychological Society. In 2001 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Medicine from the University of Iceland in recognition for his research in the field of forensic psychiatry and psychology.

Gisli has published extensively in the areas of psychological vulnerability, false confession and police interviewing. He pioneered the empirical measurement of suggestibility and provided expert evaluation in a number of high profile cases, including those of the Guildford Four, the Birmingham Six, the Tottenham Three, the Cardiff Three, Jill Dando murder case, Kenneth Erskine (the ‘Stockwell strangler’), Derek Bentley, the UDR Four and ‘IRA funeral murders’ cases (both in Northern Ireland), Henry Lee Lucas and John Wille (USA), and the Birgitte Tengs and Ordered cases (Norway). He acts as a consultant on cases both for prosecution and defense.

Gisli is the author of The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions, and Testimony (John Wiley & Sons, 1992), The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales Manual (Psychology Press, 1997), Forensic Psychology: A Guide to Practice (Routledge, 1998, jointly written with Lionel Haward), and The Causes and Cures of Criminality (Plenum Press, 1989, jointly written with Hans Eysenck). He is the co-editor-in-chief of Personality and Individual Differences.

The Wiley Series in the Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law publishes single-author and edited reviews of emerging areas of contemporary research. The purpose of this series is not merely to present research findings in a clear and readable form, but also to bring out their implications for both practice and policy. The series will be useful not only to psychologists but also to all those concerned with crime detection and prevention, policing and the judicial process.

The first book in this series was The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony by Gisli Gudjonsson, published in 1992. This seminal work was recognized quickly as a modern classic of the forensic psychology literature, translated into a number of foreign languages and frequently cited, in both learned papers and the courts of law. As the title implied, the book dealt broadly with the issues surrounding the interrogation of both witnesses and suspects and the real dangers of false confession. Professor Gudjonsson’s new book, The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions: A Handbook deals specifically with the area which is now synonymous with his name; it summarizes much new research and describes many cases of disputed or false confessions with which he has been associated.

Much of the new research has involved the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales, a measure of suggestibility and compliance, which can be administered to persons where the issue of false confession arises. Equally importantly, expert testimony from Professor Gudjonsson, based on the results of these tests, his observations of the suspect’s behavior and the circumstances leading up to a confession have been admitted as evidence in high-profile criminal cases in the United Kingdom, the United States and continental Europe.

The admission of such evidence in the English courts is a major achievement for forensic psychology in general and Professor Gudjonsson in particular. For a long time, the courts have clung to the judgment, enunciated in R. v. Turner (1975), that implied that the courts had no reason to listen to expert testimony from psychologists or psychiatrists on such matters as these were well within the common experience of jury members.

It was only when judges were confronted with unmistakable instances of apparently normal people who, when confined to a police station for questioning for just a few hours, could confess fulsomely to crimes they could not have committed, that the united front against such expert evidence began to bend and crack. In the process, miscarriages of justice, some of them dating back decades, were finally redressed, thanks in major part to the insights of Professor Gudjonsson.

Author: Gísli Guðjónsson
Publication Date:2003

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