Introduction to French PDF book by William Smith (1935)

Introduction to French  PDF book by William Smith (1935)

Introduction to French  PDF book by William Smith

The following work has been compiled at the repeated request of numerous teachers who, finding the "Principia Latina" the easiest book for beginners in Latin, are anxious to obtain an equally elementary French work on the same plan. The main object of this book, as of the "Principia Latina," is to enable a beginner to acquire an accurate knowledge of the chief grammatical forms, to learn their usage by constructing simple sentences as soon as he commences the study of the language, and to accumulate gradually a stock of words useful in conversation as well as in reading.


The grammatical forms are printed in conspicuous type and at full length, as no sound knowledge of the language can be acquired without the pupil being thoroughly familiar with these forms. It is the want of this sound grammatical training which is the chief objection to the systems of Ollendorff, Ahn, and similar works. But at the same time, it is important that the pupil should be exercised from the first construction of sentences, so as to test by practical application the grammatical forms. The present work thus contains

Grammar, Delectus, Exercise - book, with Vocabularies, and consequently presents in one book all that the beginner will require for some time in his study of the language. A few simple rules of syntax are introduced, as they are required for the construction of sentences; but it is proposed to give the chief syntactical rules in another book in the series, which will form a Practical Introduction to French Prose Composition.


The compiler has consulted most of the books used in teaching French in German schools and has derived especial assistance from Otto's " Franzosische Conversations-Grammatik," from which many of the examples are taken, as well as from the elementary works of Riedel and Keller. He also desires to express his great obligations to a friend, who is an eminent French teacher in one of our great Public Schools, and who has taken unwearied pains in the correction and revision of the work, thus securing it against those inaccuracies which a foreigner would otherwise be in danger of committing.


Contents:

I. The Alphabet, Accents, and Other Marks, Parts op Speech 1 II. Pronunciation 2 HE. Article 5 IV. The Substantive 6 1. Formation op the Plural 6 2. Formation op the Genitive 9 3. Formation op the Dative 10 V. T

he Partitive Article 12 VI. Proper Names 14 VII. The Verb "Avoir" 15 VIII. The Verb "Etre" 22 EX. The Adjective 29 1. Qualipicative Adjectives 29 2. Possessive Adjectives " 38 3. Demonstrative Adjective 39 4. Interrogative Adjective 39 5. Numeral Adjectives 40 6. Indefinite Adjectives 47 X. The Verb 48 XI. First Conjugation 49 XII. Second Conjugation 52 XIII. Third Conjugation 54 XIV. Fourth Conjugation 57 XV. Verbs Conjugated Interrogatively, Negatively, and Interrogatively with a Negative... 60 XVI.

Exercises on the First Conjugation 61 XVII. Exercises on the Second Conjugation 65 XVIII. Exercises on the Third Conjugation 66 XIX. Exercises on the Fourth Conjugation 67 VI CONTENTS. XX. The Pronoun 68 1. Personal Pronouns 68 2. Demonstrative Pronouns 74 3. Relative Pronouns 75 4. Interrogative Pronouns 77 5.

Possessive Pronouns 79 6. Indefinite Pronouns 80 XXI. Passive Verbs 83 XXII. Neuter Verbs 85 XXIII. Reflective Verbs 86 XXIV. Impersonal Verbs 95 XXV. Adverbs 99 1. Adverbs of Place 101 2. Adverbs of Time 101 3. Adverbs of Number 101 4. Adverbs of Quality and Manner .. ..102 5. Adverbs of Affirmation and Negation. 102 6. Adverbial Expressions 102 XXVI. Prepositions 105 I. Simple Prepositions 105 II. Compound Prepositions 105 XXVII. Conjunctions 109 XXVIII. Interjections 110 XXIX. Formation of Tenses 110 XXX. Irregular Verbs Ill I. Irregular Verbs of the First Conjugation Ill

Author: William Smith
 Publication Date: 1935


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